Archives

Training and pruning fruit trees

Winter time is here. Cool days followed by chillier nights. In our subtropical climate, whether you are in Brisbane or the Sunshine Coast, it is a great time to get out and enjoy the sunshine in the garden and get some of the heavy duty task complete, like establishing new garden beds, while it is still cool. As well as get everything ready for the beginning of spring and summer. In winter here at van Veen Organics we also do our supportive pruning for all deciduous and citrus plants.

We call it supportive pruning because we believe that the training a fruit trees is most important and that the pruning is secondly and acts to support the training we are doing. Training and supportive pruning is more important than just doing pruning by itself. Proper training reduces the amount of pruning you have to do each year by up to 80% in some varieties while also helping the maintain long term health, vigor and improved fruit production over the life of the trees. So for any growers of stonefruit, pomegranates, figs, mulberries and grapes now is the time to either start looking into training and to prune while these species are dormant for the winter. T

his time is also good for dealing with citrus plants as the sun isn’t so intense and unlikely to cause sunburn damage. Pruning now will give them time to put out new protective foliage before the hotter weather. Remember do not take off more the 1/3 when pruning, if more is required pick your battle with the most important limbs and plan to do the others next time. If you have an older tree that has been let go stage the recovery pruning over a few years. We also like to get back what we have taken so we give the plants some fertiliser after the prune to help with the recovery and provide some of the nutrients that we took away with the pruning.

No Dig Gardens

No dig gardening

We create many new garden beds each year here at van Veen Organics and we are not fans of heavy labour just for the fun of it or because double or triple digging is what they do on the gardening shows on tv. In fact digging up a whole area of soil is more likely to be doing more damage than it is solving.

This is due to the fact that every time you dig into your soil you are potentially killing hundreds of thousands if not millions of beneficial soil bacteria and fungi. These organisms play a virtual role in breaking down nutrients to make them available for your plants easily use. Easy no dig gardens can be created by firstly snipping down grass or unwanted planted, then scattering fertiliser (quality complete organic pellets or compost) in the garden area. Then layering a cover of newspaper or cardboard over the top and covering with mulch and watering the area.

After a week or two you will be able to dig just a small hole and plant your desired plants. Weed out any undesirable plants as they emerge in the following weeks while you are watering the new plants, settling them in. That is it you’re all done and you have a newly planted garden without hard weeding or digging and in a way that promotes healthy soil and plants.

 

Berrylicious: Motivation to Grow your own Berries

Berries are yummy, full of health benefits but expensive.

They are one of the most popular fruits on the market today so much so that Australians import a large amount of fresh and frozen berries each year.

The recent health issues associated with imported frozen berries have stopped many people from eating these lovely fruits.

It does not have to be this way. The Glasshouse Region is in a perfect location which enables us to grow many different types of berries right in your backyards without all the cost and worry.

Blueberries, Raspberries, Mulberries, Strawberries and Grapes all grow will locally. It is all about selection, plant and location. Some blueberries worth trying are the low chill types. Common ones available locally include ‘Gulf Coast’, ‘Biloxi’, ‘Sharpblue’, ‘Misty’, ‘Britwell’, ‘Legacy’ and ‘Powderblue’. For exotic Raspberries try the autumn fruiting types such as ‘Heritage’ and ‘Autumn Blizz’.

There are a few good native raspberries worth trying also the most known and largest being the Atherton Raspberry. For Mulberries there are Black and White types (whites don’t stain) and Red and White Shahtoots. The Shahtoot types are longer then the standard mulberries and are very sweet. For strawberries there are hundred of different types so pick a few and try your luck and see which ones are keepers.

   

If you want to grow grapes go for the older types. Two good ones locally are the white type ‘Pink Iowa’ and the black type ‘Isabella’.

In a permaculture system grapes can be grown over your mulberries trees or other fruit crop like the tropical apples and pear. This method has many benefits but the most noticeable one being the saving of space.

There are also many different types of berry fruits suitable in our local environment. Some of these berry fruits include, Grumichama, Jaboticaba, Brazilian Cherry, Capulin Cherry, Panama Berry and Acerola Cherry to name a handful.

  

The yummy fruits, their health benefits and the money saved from growing some of your own berries makes it all worth the while.

Article written by Joshua van Veen, Horticulturalist and Permaculturalist at van Veen Organics – Permaculture Plant Nursery in Elimbah.